houshu

112 – Houshu

$3.00$12.50

Certified Biodynamic and Organic

Dense compact 9 in. barrel-shaped green heads. Best as a fall crop. A favorite introduced by the Japanese agriculture students at Rudolf Steiner College. Try Houshu finely sliced as a salad with grapefruit, toasted nuts or seeds and a rice-vinaigrette, also delicious in stir-fries, soups, etc.

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Product Description

Scientific Name: Brassica rapa

Family: Mustard

Type: Hardy Annual

Native Range: Canada; Greenland; Lower 48 States; Pacific Basin excluding Hawaii; Puerto Rico;

Hardiness Zones: 3-10; cole crops and their waxy leaves are particularly well-suited to colder growing regions, especially if adapted to the area; usually withstands a couple of frosts; even if outside of cabbage is frost-damaged, outer leaves can still be removed for edible cabbage;

Soil Requirements: Clay-loam soil with pH close to neutral; may require calcium or boron; heavy feeder and should have plenty of compost; mulching will help to keep soil evenly moist in hot weather;

Light Preference: Partial to full sun

Water: Keep evenly moist

Days until Germination: 5-17 days

Sowing: For early planting, start seeds indoors with soil temperatures around 60°; plant 3-4 seeds about 1/4″ deep in soil; keep indoors 4-6 weeks; harden off and transplant when 3-4 true leaves have shown; in cooler climates seeds can be direct-sown after the soil warms to 55°-60°, but if there is still a danger of frost make sure seedlings are covered;

Plant Spacing: 12″-14″

Plant Height: 8″-10″

Harvest: 85 days from transplant; if direct sowed, add additional 2-3 weeks to harvest date; harvest when head is completely formed; will head up similarly to romaine lettuce; can remain unharvested for about a week depending on temperature, but watch for opening of head at center which indicates cabbage is trying to flower; if head does flower, shoots are edible;

Grows Well With: Dill; celery; chamomile; sage; peppermint; rosemary; potatoes; beets; onions;

Grows Poorly With: Tomatoes; pole beans; strawberries; hyssop; thyme; wormwood; southernwood;

Potential Problems: Heat stress; seedlings must have enough light or they will get leggy and develop improperly after transplant; aphids; cabbage worms; loopers; root maggots; flea beetles; symphylans; white cabbage butterfly; clubroot;

Additional Information

Size

S ~ 100 seeds, L ~ 400 seeds, XL ~ 1500 seeds

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